The STEEP project aims to utilise an innovative ‘open source methodology’ to develop smart city plans and help cities achieve their carbon-reduction targets. The local authorities for each city will take a lead role in this process, coordinating the activity of relevant stakeholders. The following sections provides detail regarding the cities themselves, their approach to sustainability and the specific areas of the city which have been identified as requiring an Energy Master Plan.
Bristol has a reputation as a green city with a high quality of life. It is home to pioneering environmental technology firms such as Garrad Hassan and Vestas as well as two world-class universities, leading technology firms (Toshiba, HP Labs, IBM), creative digital media organizations ( BBC, Aardman Animations, Watershed, Pervasive Media Studio) and community champions such as Knowle West Media Centre. This gives the city tremendous potential for the cross-fertilization of Smart City ideas.
The council has made a strategic commitment to create a world-class, smart, green, inclusive and connected city and has placed this ambition at the heart of its economic strategy.
In 2006, Bristol established a City Digital Partnership – Connecting Bristol (http://connectingbristol.org), which aims to ensure the city benefits from the best possible digital infrastructure, to support the growth of the creative industries and knowledge economy. Bristol is a signatory of Eurocities’ Green Digital Charter (www.greendigitalcharter.eu) which commits cities to reduce CO2 emissions through the innovative use of digital technologies.
As a member of the Covenant of Mayors, Bristol has a more ambitious carbon reduction target than the UK or EU (40% reduction by 2020 from 2005) and its smart city projects are a key element of our Climate Change and Energy Security Framework (www.bristol.gov.uk/climatechange). The Covenant of Mayors produced a video case study about Bristol’s Smart City work http://tinyurl.com/8yygs4z .
Bristol will be European Green Capital in 2015.
Florence has historically been at the forefront in the cultural field and now wants to be ahead in the definition of the concept of sustainability.
Becoming a signatory to the Covenant of Mayors is just one of the last stages of a process that began in 1998 with the signing of the Aalborg Charter. This was reinforced in 2005 by subscribing to the Aalborg Commitments with which the city commits to a deepening process of participation and partnership with its citizens guaranteed by the Agenda 21 forums covering all development and strategic choices for the city.
The role played by Florence in STEEP is to provide knowledge on current policies to be taken into account every situation raised by the project, establishing the objectives to be achieved in the concrete Plan for Florence, provide information on any aspect of the city and provide sustainability to the work to be performed by the Italian partners.
San Sebastian (Spain)
San Sebastian became a signatory of the Aalborg charter in 1998 and thus undertook the implementation of the Local Agenda 21.
In January 2008 a Local Action Plan against Climate Change (Plan Local de Cambio Climático, PLCC) was approved after a long public participation process. The PLCC has four strategic lines one of which is Energy Efficiency.
In June 2008 the Mayor signed the Covenant of Mayors and therefore San Sebastian is committed to curb its CO2 emissions by at least 20% by 2020.